Concerns have been expressed about declining bee numbers, how this may be related to neonicotinoid pesticides and the impact this could have on food production, the economy and our countryside.
The EU Commission announced in April 2013 that it would restrict the use of neonicotinoid pesticides to crops that are not attractive to bees and other pollinators for two years after the European Food Safety Authority concluded that three commonly used neonicotinoid pesticides posed an unacceptable danger to bees.
During the last Parliament, the Coalition Government opposed the European ban on neonicotinoids but the decision to enforce the ban was taken by the Commission after a qualified majority could not be reached amongst member states.
I support the European-wide ban on neonicotinoid use because it is a proportionate response to the evidence on the contribution of the three neonicotinoid pesticides to pollinator decline.
The current government has approved an application by the National Farmers Union for the ban on neonicotinoids to be lifted this autumn to allow these chemicals to be sprayed on rapeseed in order to help prevent crop damage.
The government should have rejected the calls from the NFU to lift the ban to allow for the effect to be properly analysed. It is important to take a science-led approach to the use of pesticides and to consider how best to support farmers, to protect wildlife and reverse the decline of pollinators.
The Coalition government’s 10-year national pollinator strategy for bees and other pollinators, which was published in November 2014, did not go far enough. It does not, for example, tackle habitat destruction, damaging farming practices, bad planning decisions and neonicotinoid use, which are the primary causes of pollinator decline.
The government should listen to the concerns that have been raised about this issue and I will continue to fight for the protection of our natural environment.